Urbanization and Urban design in sustainable development. Case study of the ToLich River regions in Hanoi

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Xuan Son Do
David Edgar Cowan Thomas


In Vietnam, as elsewhere in the world, villages, towns and small cities of noticeable interest (in relation to culture, heritage, history or ecology) on the outskirts of larger cities are suffering serious damage from large-scale rapid urbanization. Development principles that merge historical and cultural heritage with dynamic trade and economy, while preserving an urban identity, with affirmative internal resources and ecological initiatives, guarantee a stable environment towards sustainable urban development.

This research refers to urban design and renovation and landscape design orientated towards sustainable development of small towns along the To Lich River, Hanoi, Vietnam. Focusing on residential concentrations rich in culture, history and traditional trades and crafts, this paper determines and develops the tools to identify characteristic landscapes of urban residential clusters situated along rivers.

The proposal is of an open dynamic sustainable urban trinodal concept that maintains and promotes existing values and strengths for the river landscape. The model consists of Society (Culture-Heritage-History), Economy (Trade-Craft-Agriculture) and Ecology (Environment-Habitation). These shape the identity of the regional landscape (those on each side of the ToLich River) and are also applicable for sustainable developments a long other rivers or territories.


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Do, X., & Cowan Thomas, D. (2017). Urbanization and Urban design in sustainable development. Case study of the ToLich River regions in Hanoi. UPLanD - Journal of Urban Planning, Landscape & Environmental Design, 2(2), 37-52. https://doi.org/10.6092/2531-9906/5256


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